Saturday, May 23, 2020

Taking a Look at the Primark Profile - 1332 Words

PRIMARK PROFILE Primark is an Irish clothing retailer, operating in Australia, Belgium, Germany, Ireland (38 stores branded as Penny’s), Portugal, Spain, the Netherland and the U.K. The companys main base of operation is in Dublin and they are a supplementary of British food processing company ABF. Primark is first opened in June 1969 in Mary Street (Dublin). It became appreciable that more stores are needed and another four were added to the chain. Further extensionand success in Ireland command the move to the United Kingdom, when a large store was opened in 1971 in Belfast city center before opening 4 stores out of town in England in 1973. Derby and Bristol were the first high street stores. Competition is that of Primark sells clothes at the budget end of the market. Its main other cut-price clothing retailers such as supermarket lines which were one of the strong competitor. In 2006, Primark joined the Ethical trading initiative, a combining organization bringing together businesses, trade union and NGO’s to work on labor rights issues in their supply chains. Members of ETI committed to execute code of behavior based on the international labor organization basic trading. Now days to survive in the market it’s very important to have competitive advantage over your competitors. Strategic planning helps us to get the competitive advantage so that organization can increase their market shares and earn more profits and also accomplish their work in appropriate andShow MoreRelatedThe Business Environment Of Primark Corporation7113 Words   |  29 Pagesstrategic with the resources that they have within the industry that they are positioned. To give an insight into the background of the company â€Å"Primark opened its first store in Dublin in 1969 under the name Penneys and today operates in over 270 stores in nine countries in Europe and growing with the first US store opening in Boston in 2015† (Primark, 2015) Primark has been operating for almost fifty years developing over the years and branching out to various locations, including Europe and this yearRead MoreAnalylis Primark22310 Words   |  90 PagesPRIMARK PRIMARK Pay Less Look Good MBA 4B Shahid Ishaq Nafees Akram Shahid Rashid Rana Waheed Zafar SanaUllah Waqas Nayer Sadia Rafaqat Sana Altaf Aun Naqi Zainab Naeem 152 113 154 194 147 179 138 145 166 199 Submitted to Sir Adil Paracha Contents Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................... i Introduction.........................................................................Read MoreSuperdry Group Report3277 Words   |  14 Pagesâ€Å"Brad† leather jacket, which then went on to sell 77,000 in just 2 years. This report aims to look at Superdry as a whole, in four parts, and then finishing with a conclusion. The whole report will relate to the Boddy framework to highlight and analyse some of the current problems facing the company. Each section will aim to be around 500 words (Introduction, Part A, B, C + D, and the Conclusion), taking the report to a total of 3000 words. Part A of the report will include a brief background of theRead MoreCeecee Case Study Analysis9518 Words   |  39 Pageslittle bargaining power as they are unable to influence the price which retailers sell at. | Continuing Improvement Strategy Continuing improvement is linked in with total quality management and comprises of 14 Demings point and kaizen. CeeCee can look at improving its online services by benchmarking other companies in their strategic group. CeeCee can adapt Dell’s philosophy by customising its furniture products as it seems to be one of the slowest moving items among its offerings. * BenchmarkingRead MoreThe Current Economic Climate4301 Words   |  18 Pagesthe secondary high streets are finished, because you can t sustain a store in a market where nobody wants to shop. What could happen in a low-rent high street is that new forms of retail entertainment will spring up. (RW 2012, P.58) * â€Å"High-profile retail failures cannot be taken as indicative of the sector’s health. Consumers may be under pressure financially, but there is little sign of them cutting their spending on clothing. Retailing is a remarkably robust sector – and any retailer’s failureRead MoreMS Case Study2089 Words   |  9 Pages2004 as CEO and Chairman who set about rebuilding the company: * renewing the emphasis on value for money products, excellent customer service and friendly store environment. * renovating stores in 2005/6 * launching a marketing campaign Look behind the Label highlighting ethical and environmental aspects such as Fair Trade products, sustainable fishing and environmentally friendly dyes - the forerunner of Plan A (see below) * later in managers from outside such as CEO Marc BollandRead MoreH M a Multichannel Report Essay3429 Words   |  14 PagesAt a glance: This report looks at the key value propositions of the website and how it fares against its competitors in its online multichannel strategy. The report recommends the following changes to keep the costs down and serve its customers better. Provide online retailing to countries where the option is unavailable, especially US. Ask for gender of the customer during profile creation so that they have targeted advertisements about specific products in the home pageRead MoreEssay on Reiss Three Year Marketing Plan4683 Words   |  19 Pagesto  £12,424, which can be demonstrated in figure 3. o Opportunities †¢ E-commerce is gaining ground and customers are keener with buying clothes online. †¢ The menswear trend is moving away from formalwear and going towards more of a casual look. †¢ Older women, which partially fall into Reiss’s target market, are increasingly fashion conscious. †¢ Women and Men are increasingly becoming obese, potentially posing as an opportunity for Reiss’s designers. †¢ Department stores, which have aRead MoreInditex Case Study8764 Words   |  36 Pagesmain European markets: France, Germany, Italy , Portugal, Spain and the UK. â€Å"Online should act as a downward protection for trading news in the second half,† wrote Bernstein in a note. During the period, Inditex opened 98 stores in 29 countries, taking its footprint to nearly 5,000 stores in 76 nations around the world. Last month, it opened its first Indian shop in Delhi†. Histor y of Inditex Gr oup 2) Industria de Diseà ±o Textil (Inditex) makes disposable chic fashions that are here todayRead MoreSituation Analysis of International Marketing Environment (Marks and Spencer in Spain)3529 Words   |  15 Pageslow-cost outlets such as Kiabi or Primark, and the good performance of second-hand shops which will not have a significant change on opening MS in Spain. (Ibid) Marks and Spencer’s main competitor would be El Cortes ingles and Mercadona. Also, the Spanish retail market continues to be dominated by small, mostly family-owned companies. However, chained retailers increased in importance over the review period. In 2009, Mercadona led the Spanish retail market, taking El Corte Inglà ©s’s position. Mercadona

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Alzheimers Disease - Progressive Neurodegenerative Disease - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1393 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2019/04/04 Category Medicine Essay Level High school Tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essay Did you like this example? Introduction Its very common and accounts for 60-80 percent of the dementia cases in the united states. Alzheimers is caused by the buildup of a type of plaque in the brain. It interrupts the electrical signals between neurons that normally direct thoughts and memories in the brain. The result is that the person slowly becomes more and more forgetful. A certain amount of forgetfulness is normal with aging but those suffering from Alzheimers disease develop far more disrupted thinking patterns. People suffering from AD eventually lose the ability to recognize familiar people, even family memories. Sometimes, in late stages, their personalities change also, they become paranoid, and they become completely unable to take care of themselves. There is no cure for the disease and the medications available only treat the symptoms and show no promise in slowing the progression of this disease. Previous studies on aspirin and heart health showed a link between aspirin and Alzheimers disease. These studies showed that regular use of NSAIDs, including aspirin showed the users had a 20% lesser chance of developing Alzheimers disease. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Alzheimers Disease Progressive Neurodegenerative Disease" essay for you Create order Doctors and scientists do not know what exactly causes this disease but they have a pretty good idea. The major issue seems to be a minuscule brain protein fragment called beta-amyloid. This beta amyloid is a small piece of a larger protein called amyloid precursor protein (APP). When APP is turned on to do its normal job, it is cut by other proteins into smaller sections that stay inside and outside cells. when this protein is cut, one of those cut pieces formed is beta-amyloid and when that forms into clumps it produces those dangerous amyloid plaques. Dr. Kalipada Pahan who is a professor of neurological sciences at Rush University, gather a team of professors and decided to use this connection between aspirin and Alzheimers diseases to carry out experiments that would show in depth how exactly did the aspirin help with the disease. Dr. Pahan felt that developing drugs that can reduce the amount of beta amyloid, which can in turn form amyloid plaques, is an important area of resea rch because these plaques are one of the pathological indications of this disease. Dr.Pahan and his team developed an experiment that entailed giving aspirin to mice with a mouse version of AD. He and his team genetically modified mice so that they had symptoms that resembled AD and so that they resembled the brain pathology of Alzheimers patients. They also measured the amount of beta-amyloid that built up in the brains of the mice. Dr.Pahan and his team gave aspirin to the mice by mouth for about a month then took note of how much of amyloid plaque built up in the parts of the brain affected most by Alzheimers disease. The study revealed that aspirin stimulates the waste-clearing lysosomes and reduces pathological plaque in mice. Lysosomes are supposed to be the waste deposit center for the cell. They are the bad protein clean up system inside all animals that consist of cells that capture and internalize bad proteins. The lysosomes are the components of these cells that break down the captured proteins. In the brain these lysosomes apparently lack the ability to properly do their jobs in patients of AD. Scientist assumed that these lysosomes were degrading the beta amyloid protein before it could turn into amyloid plaques but thats not the case. These lysosomes that accumulate around the plaques are uncommonly embellished wi th beta secretase. This beta secretase is the enzyme that starts the production of the beta amyloid. These nonfunctional lysosomes cannot break down the beta amyloid so the ability to increase lysosomal clearance in the brain of AD patients has come about as a very promising strategy in slowing the progression of this disease. The experiment also revealed that aspirin intake upregulated a protein called TFEB. TFEB is transcription factor EB and it is known as a key player in lysosomal biogenesis. A transcription factor is a protein that will bind to specific parts of the DNA as either and inducer or a repressor. Transcription factor EB exhibited activity that shows how its able to bond to the promoter region of autophagy genes and activate autophagosome biogenesis. The over expression of TFEB has been shown to provide positive effects in many mouse models more recently the mouse models of the most familiar genetic explanation of liver disease, the ? ±1-antitrypsin deficiency. TFEB upregulation has also been proven to reduce obesity and metabolic syndrome therefore upregulation of intracellular removal by TFEB has also been proven to be beneficial in multiple mice models. Aspirin is a commonly used medication and thru multiple test it was shown to upregulate TFEB and boost lysosomal biogenesis in brain cells. The aspirin was also shown to bring about the activation of PPAR? ± encourage the transcription of TFEB in a PPAR? ± fashion. PPAR? ± stands for peroxisome prolif erator-activated receptor ? ±. What PPAR? ± does is when activated, it functions as a ligand-activated TF to regulate the many biological processes that occur within the body. In the 1960s scientist treated a model of rats with Clofibrate, which is now used for controlling the high cholesterol level in the blood, and the outcome of this is that it showed for the first time that the Clofibrate induced peroxisome proliferation in the rats. A while after PPAR? ± was shown to control and help regulate the expression of genes involved in regulating homeostasis, immune response, cell growth and differentiation and many other functions. In the mice model for AD, PPAR? ± was proven to master regulators of metabolism which is why it is important when it comes to developing medications and treatments that can help slow the progression of Alzheimers in the elderly. Materials and Methods 7 month old male and female mice were given low dose aspirin (2 mg/kg body weight/ day) for 30days. The Mice were anesthetized with ketamine-xylazine then half of the brain from each mouse was dissected so assays can be performed on them. the brains were incubated in 4% paraformaldehyde then they were incubated in 30% sucrose overnight at 4 degrees Celsius. They were then rinsed with cold ethanol then rinsed with phosphatebuffered saline 3 times. The brains were then incubated then inspected under a fluorescent microscope. To observe the DNA-binding activity of PPAR? ±, it was analyzed using a non-radioactive electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The cells were then washed with phosphatebuffered saline the placed into tubes to go into the centrifuge for 5 minutes. They then took the supernatant and placed it in lysis buffer and ran it thru the centrifuge again. After that they took the supernatant put it in a high salt buffer then placed it in the centrifuge for 15 minutes. They then placed it on a polyacrylamide gel for 2 hours then observed it under the Odyssey Infrared Imaging System. Results It was proven that aspirin was able to increase the lysosomes in the brain and this was further proven by using an Electron microscopy which showed the different stages of autophagic vesicles in aspirin-treated astrocytes. They then wanted to know if aspirin could alter TFEB. TFEB was increased after the first treatment with the aspirin. The western blot showed larger quantities of TFEB with the different doses of aspirin. The largest increase in TFEB was shown 12 hours after the aspirin treatment was done. Majority of the TFEB activity was found in the cells surrounding the nucleus in cells compared to the control group. these results of this study showed that the aspirin activated lysosomal biogenesis by upregulating the TFEB regulator. They discovered that when PPAR? ± is present, the aspirin binds to it and triggers a domino effect causing increased nerve cell interactions in the hippocampus which is a place in the brain were memories are formed. The mice were showed to have an increased ability to learn their way thru mazes after the aspirin was administered. Even though this study has shown positives effects from the use of aspirin on the brain of the genetically modified mice, aspirin should not be used as a way to treat AD because all of the side effects are not known and its not specifically proven to help with AD. For aspirin to even help with lysosomal production the receptor for PPAR? ± need to be present in the patient. If it is not there in great numbers then the patie nt wont benefit from the aspirin at all.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Karl Marx s The Feminist Standpoint Essay - 1929 Words

That Nancy Hartstock should follow Karl Marx’s lead in developing her â€Å"Feminist Standpoint† - the perspective of the oppressed in a ‘phallocratic’ regime in order to describe the oppressive dynamics of the ruling gender – did not surprise me. Standpoint was the analysis that enabled Marx to accurately view and describe the exchange of values that ultimately benefits the bourgeoisie with surplus value and capital, much to the detriment of their workers (who are subsequently left to survive on subsistence-wages). Given its historic standing, political credentials, and academic regard, Marxist understanding of capital and capitalism would be the logical blueprint upon which to build a more modern analysis of similar social relations. In that regard, â€Å"The Feminist Standpoint† successfully succeeds in what it intends to achieve – to construct a unique female viewpoint from which to map out the long reach of a repressive patriarchy . As many feminist researchers have long known and advocated for, the view from the bottom-up is the one that will yield the widest view of the dominant group’s top-down subjugation (Hesse-Biber 2006). Yet, in adhering so closely to Marx’s model of dichotomous dynamics – bourgeoisie vs. proletariat, owners of the modes of production vs. workers, capitalism vs. revolution - â€Å"The Feminist Standpoint† appears to leave itself little theoretical space to imagine any nuanced interventions of its binaries. Hartstock seems content – albeit withShow MoreRelatedDorothy E. Smith1454 Words   |  6 PagesDorothy Edith Smith â€Å"Feminist Standpoint Theory and Institutional Ethnography† 1926- Dorothy E. Smith was born in North England in 1926. Dorothy E. Smith has lived a long life and commonly refers to it as â€Å"a long time ago and another world†. According to Smith, she has grown from the young woman to now due to several experiences. Smith has been employed in many different capacities such as a secretary and a clerk. In her Mid-twenties, she worked at a book publishing company. Smith attemptedRead MoreKarl Marx And The Rise Of Capitalism1911 Words   |  8 PagesKarl Marx was the first in a series of 19th and 20th century theorists who started the call for an empirical approach to social science. Theorizing about the rise of modernity accompanied by the decline in traditional societies and advocating for a change in the means of production in order to enable social justice. Marx’s theories on modernity reveals his beliefs of modern society as being influenced by the advancement of productive forces of modern industry and the relationships of pro duction betweenRead MoreThe As A Science For Emancipation871 Words   |  4 Pagesanalytic critical synthesis, which consists at presenting, discussing and debating the many contributions attributed directly to critical synthesis in order to unravel certain theoretical and conceptual nodes. More than 150 years have elapsed since Marx and Engels laid the groundwork for the materialistic theory as a science for emancipation. The reception granted to this theory was very powerful: Marxist materialism was erected as a State scientific doctrine within the Soviet bloc; it was the theoreticalRead MoreCritical Social Theory : Power, Critique And Praxis3794 Words   |  16 Pages______________________________________________________ In order to delineate the nature of power and domination in understanding contemporary society, this major essay will provide an advanced critical and comparative analysis of the social theory ideas of Karl Marx, Michel Foucault and Dorothy Smith. Resultant of such analysis, this essay will also postulate how conceptions of power and domination may be used to cultivate practices of emancipatory social change for the enhancement of individual freedoms byRead MoreDorothy Smith : The Theorist That I Chose1809 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction The theorist that I chose is Dorothy Smith. She is a well-known Marxist feminist scholar and activist (Carroll, 2010, p. 1). The reason I chose to write about Dorothy Smith is because her unique approach to feminism and women’s movements interested me, making me want to learn more about her. Biography Dorothy Smith was born in England in 1926. In her late 20’s she applied to the London School of Economics for her undergraduate studies in the hopes of getting a better secretarial jobRead MoreMarxism and Class, Gender and Race: Rethinking the Trilogy5203 Words   |  21 PagesBelkhir, Editor Introduction A taken for granted feature of most social science publications today, especially those about inequality, is the ritual critique of Marx and Marxism in the process of introducing theoretical alternatives intended to remedy its alleged failures. This practice became popular in early feminist literature: Marx and Marxists were criticized for not developing an in-depth analysis of the oppression of women, their economism, class reductionism, and sex blind categoriesRead Morebiology 125894 Words   |  24 Pagesand social resources in society. Money does matter Social Class and class relations -Socioeconomic status are important because economic resources are related to power in society, and economic inequalities influence nearly all aspects of people s lives---ïÆ'  Social class share similar life chances- they share opportunities to achieve success and gain economic power. [Social stratification] - is the concept used to refer to structured forms of economic inequalities that are part of the organizationRead MoreExistentialism vs Essentialism23287 Words   |  94 PagesThe philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as  absurdism. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a specific idea that is not necessary to an existentialist view. * It s easy to highlight the absurdity of the human quest for purpose. It s common to assume that everything must have a purpose, a higher reason for existence. However, if one thing has a higher purpose, what is the reason for that purpose? Each new height must then be validated by a higherRead MoreFrom Salvation to Self-Realization18515 Words   |  75 Pagesinsisted that her largest purposes were efficiency and true self-control. The emerging therapeutic ethos was a muddle of spontaneity and calculation. 37This coexistence of abundance therapy with vestigial prudence surfaced clearly in the work of Luther S. Gulick YMCA organizer, founder of the Campfire Girls, and apostle of The Efficient Life (1907). While Gulick frequently characterized health as the careful management of scarce resources, for him the efficient life was ultimately the exuberant life

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington - 864 Words

W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington Two great leaders of the African American community in the late 19th and early 20th century were W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. They disagreed on strategies for African American social and economic progress in the face of prejudice, poverty, and segregation: Booker T. Washington, a former slave and the founder of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, believed that African Americans needed to accept segregation and discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity. The eventual acquisition of wealth and culture by African Americans would gradually win for them the respect and acceptance of the white community. This†¦show more content†¦Booker T. Washington, early in his life noticed that those who were considered educated were not that far removed from the conditions in which he was residing. Therefore, he disagreed with the post-emancipation ideologies of blacks who believed that freedom from slavery brought freedom from hard work. In addition, education of the head would bring even more sweeping emancipation from work with the hands. He did not want his black people to be ashamed of using their hands, but to have respect for creating something and a sense of sa tisfaction upon completion of that task. His feeling was that black Americans had to rise up out of oppression by self-improvement. He believed that Black people could not survive without the help of the white American. This belief included that the best thing for the black American to do was to learn and develop a skill for example, carpentry. These skills would transpire into a more prominent future, thus a rise in the economic ladder or social status. Washington believed that African Americans should seek a primary education, which would both supplement work and life preparation, such as: hygiene and good manners. This belief summed up in a single sentence is that through hard work, thrift, and self-help, blacks would improve their social status andShow MoreRelatedW.E.B. Du Bois vs. Booker T. Washington1344 Words   |  6 PagesA Clash of Ideologies: W.E.B. Du Bois vs. Booker T. Washington During the turn of the century, between the years 1895 and 1915 there were many theories of how African Americans were going to achieve first-class citizenship. At this time first-class citizenship was determined by at least three aspects: political power, civil rights, and the higher education of Negro youth. Two prominent black leaders arose in order to accomplish this feat. They had two different ideas for one goal. These two blackRead MoreEssay on W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington1240 Words   |  5 PagesW.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington were two very influential leaders in the black community during the late 19th century, early 20th century. However, they both had different views on improvement of social and economic standing for blacks. Booker T. Washington, an ex-slave, put into practice his educational ideas at Tuskegee, which opened in 1881. Washington stressed patience, manual training, and hard work. He believed that blacks should go to school, learn skills, and work their way up theRead More Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois Influences on Equality594 Words   |  3 PagesBooker T. Washington once said, â€Å"Nothing ever comes to one, that is worth having, except as a result of hard work.† In the age of reconstruction and western expansion, civil rights bursted out like a bullet from a gun. Two men led the way into the civil rights movement, but in very different customs. Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois both were huge influences to civil rights, one founding what we know today as the NAACP and the other spoke of a philosophy known as the Atlanta CompromiseRead MoreThe Strategies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois: Uncovered1925 Words   |  8 PagesMikayla Ferchaw Pd. 4/5 DBQ for Booker T. Washington vs. W.E.B. Du Bois The Strategies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois: Uncovered The time period of 1877 to 1915 was a period in history when the people of the Black race were being granted a free status, but equality, on the other hand, was not an option to some higher white officials. During this time period, many leaders started to fight for what they believed in by appealing to the white governing body for social equality. TwoRead More W.E.B Du Bois vs. Booker T Washington Essay2087 Words   |  9 Pagesbe left out; Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois. They were both African-American leaders in the late 1800’s to early 1900’s, fighting for social justice, education and civil rights for slaves, and both stressed education. This was a time when blacks were segregated and discriminated against. Both these men had a vision to free blacks from this oppression. While they came from different backgrounds, Washington coming from a plantation in Virginia where he was a slave, and Du Bois coming from aRead MoreW.E.B. Du Bois vs. Booker T. Washing ton2991 Words   |  12 Pagesthe undisputed intellectual leader of a new generation of African- American, and the central authorizing figure for twentieth-century African-American thought, Du Bois was the inspiration for the literary movement known as the Harlem Renaissance. As a co-founder of the NAACP and the long-time editor of its magazine The Crisis, Du Bois nurtured and promoted many young and talented African-Americans. Underlying his controversial notion of the talented tenth, was his belief that true integrationRead MoreBooker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois and John Hope Essay1286 Words   |  6 Pageswhite and black populations. Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois and John Hope all attempted to conquer these tough issues based on their own experience and cultural influences by sharing their opinions. A well-respected African American leader named Booker T. Washington gave a speech that would be later named the Atlanta Compromise at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta on September 18, 1895 (Booker T. Washington Biography). Booker T. Washington was born in to slavery andRead MoreComparing and Contrasting the Ideolodies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois1053 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Edward Burghard Du Bois and Booker Taliaferro Washington were both civil rights leaders of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Du Bois was born as a freeman in Massachusetts, he studied at Harvard University and became the first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard. . Washington was born as a slave in Virginia, he worked in the salt mines while attending school, and later attended the Hampton Institute to learn trade skills. Although Du bois and Washington had the same goal ofRead MoreWilliam Edward Burgardt : African American Leading Sociologist, Writer , And Activist Essay713 Words   |  3 Pageswell as, a chair for the Peace information Center (Staff, 2009). Du Bois and Washington has quite the rivalry over the racial uplift. Furthermore, Brooker T. Washington was another leader of the African- American leaders of the 19th and the 20th Century (Brooker T. Washington, 2015). He was the founder of Tuskegee University (Brooker T. Washington, 2015). Brooker put himself through school, and became a teacher (Brooker T. Washington, 2015).. However, the Tuskegee University he founded focused onRead MoreBooker T.Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois Essay1184 Words   |  5 Pageswritten by W.E.B. Du Bois he said, â€Å"The sincere and passionate belief that somewhere between men and cattle God created a tertium quid, and called it a negro† (Du Bois). In the late 19th and 20th centuries a strong push for economic and social progress for African-Americans was being made. The prominent leaders of this movement amongst the Black community were Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois, however they had very differing views on how to achieve this goal ( Washington and Du Bois essentially

Encounters with peope of different cultures Free Essays

Encounters with people of different cultures in their own countries or communities 2 3 4 5 Coping with the customs of host countries or communities, e. g. rules and courtesies that local people observe and may expect me to observe. We will write a custom essay sample on Encounters with peope of different cultures or any similar topic only for you Order Now Encountering the different customs of people from other cultures, e. g. dress, spec al occasions, etc. Adapting to the rhythm of life in other cultures, e. g. getting used to different meal times etc. Integrating with the customs or behaviour of host countries, e. g. eginning to use forms of greeting that is very different from my own. Encounters with different cultures in the host university Clarifying areas of uncertainty about university arrangements, e. g. describing what I am used to and asking what happens in the other culture. Adapting to other administrative and academic practices, e. g. using unfamiliar procedures to complete a work task. Coping with different formal ties, e. g. learning new ways of showing respect to senior colleagues from other cultures. Relating to fellow students from other cultures, e. g. learning what they like to talk about during breaks. Being aware of issues to be avoided with a different cultural group, e. g. learning what opics seem to be avoided and what the group’s views are likely to be about a current political situation. Building bridges between colleagues ot my own culture and those ot a ditterent culture, e. g. sensing that someone of my culture has said the wrong thing and explaining the misunderstanding to both sides. Section 3 A continuing record of intercultural encounters In this section you can record many kinds of intercultural experiences and encounters that you feel have helped you develop your intercultural skills. In each record, describe what happened and how this enabled you to advance your nowledge and understanding of – or attitude to – intercultural ‘events’ ( interactions with people from other cultures, etc). Date: 31109/2012 As soon I arrived at the rented place, I found out that my flatmates were both Spanish and I feared that I would be left apart due to my level of Spanish,. However, to my surprised they were both very welcoming and even try their best to understand my poor Spanish and were willing to show me around and give me very helpful tips in relation, to transportation, nightlife and food consumption. Place: Pozuelo de Alarcon The suggestions made by flatmates were quite helpful, on the next day I went to rder my student travel card wish made really easier to travel around Madrid. Their travel system is very similar London travel system which actually work base on the zones you have to move around. However, the store was closed from 12 to 14 0’clock as well as every store around. Such thing was very strange to me and as my flatmates explained it is common thing in Spain for stores to be close at such time due to their weather conditions is too hot work there for thy take a break. It is at that point were a have notice that weather conditions have a huge effect on Spain Culture. Place: Groningen University The team work experience with the guys, gave me the opportunity to improve my communication skills, because we could express one’s need, wants and opinion without offending the sensitiveness of the other guys. In addition, I believe I strengthen my Teambuilding skills, as I was the person who motivated the others. The members recognised that, and I was the point of communication between the others. From this experience I realised how much I would like to work for the Human Resources, as I believe to be able to maintain group cooperation and support, and to keep a group updated how it is moving forward to the achievement of the goals. Date: 31/10/2012 On 31/10/12 1 had a presentation to be done together with 3 more students. It was me, a Spanish girl, a Romanian guy, and a Dutch guy. The Dutch guy most of the times we had meeting was quite rude with the other guys. He wanted the work to be done, and he was actually the first not to do it. The day of the presentation, I had a small argument with him. The presentation went well, we scored 7. 2. This guy, during the conversation with our coach said that he was the best and that the other guys, us, did not have the competencies to do the presentation. Place: At first, I got really upset and offended, as he should not dear to say these bad things to his team member. Secondly, I believe he should have told us in a private conversation, as all of us were really embarrassed, and we all thought that what he was saying was not actually true. Finally, I spoke with him and he apologised about what happened with the guys and l. I hope he understood that he should not criticise others, when he is the first person who makes mistakes. Date: 03/11/2012 In these days I was reflecting how the Dutch academic semester works so differently trom the English semester. Here, every semester is made trom two periods. In each period there are at least three modules to study, therefore exams, reports, group works and presentations to do. At my university, we only have four modules for semester, whilst here there are at least six for each semester. I could see how I improved time management planning and organizational skills. Place: Groningen My skills improved because the amount of work to do was higher than my expectations. In fact, I had to develop goals for my personal achievements, and identify tasks to be accomplished. In addition, I learnt how prioritise tasks and take esponsibilities for the decisions I made. Based on the above please prepare a SWOT analysis of the stage that you believe are at in terms of cross cultural competence; (i. e. strengths and weaknesses) and where you would like to get to by January. What are the opportunities for enhancing your competence and what are the threats which may thwart your endeavours if left untackled? Studying the first semester of the second year in ESIC located in Madrid, Spain enables me to break down barriers as well as communicate and interact with people from different cultures in ways beyond no lecture room or university hall can. How to cite Encounters with peope of different cultures, Papers

Implementation of Customer Service-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about Implementing Customer Service. Answer: Introduction Profit making may be the core responsibility of any given business venture, but it is the customer service that guarantees the survival and thriving of any given business. For this reason, the West Dealership of Melbourne Car World puts customer service at the top of the pecking order of how we conduct our business (Orel Kara, 2014). Our success in this industry has mainly been attributed to the fact that we always strive to ensure that the customers who get services from us will always have another reason to have a second visit after their first experience It is for this reason that we always make an effort to improve the customer service standards every time that we think it would be necessary to improve the services that we provide to our customers (Pan Nguyen, 2015). The reports that we have received at the end of the just concluded first quarter of the financial year indicates that there are improvements that need to be made. As a result, I have reviewed some of the key areas that we need to focus on, and I have decided to come up with various changes that should be implemented to improve customer service standard here at the West Dealership of Melbourne Car World. There are three key areas of customer service that I have keenly looked at and will be areas of improvement that we will shift all our focus to. These three areas form the pillar of customer service that if we implement, we will have an easy ride in this company After sale customer service Customer inquiry service desk Customer safety I have come up with comprehensive coverage on the specific requirements in this area that should be improved, and I have also clarified the importance of implementing this improvement After Sale Customer Service Our main intention is to ensure that the relationship between our customers and this company does not come to an end immediately the customer acquired the products that we sell. We have to ensure that even after we are done dealing with the sales, we extend other services to our customers and make them come back for more (Shi He, 2014). To achieve this, I have decided that this company will offer motor vehicle services for all the vehicles that have been bought from us at a lower price. By doing this, we intend to attract more customers to buy cars from us, and at the same time, we will ensure that we improve customer loyalty and make a profit which is the main reason for the existence of the West Dealership of Melbourne Car World. Customer Inquiry Service Desk We currently have a customer service desk that if fully operational to ensure that that information about the prices of the cars that we offer is there. According to the review that I have carried concerning this particular service, its efficiency does not guarantee the customer the satisfaction that we intend to provide for them (Witell et al., 2015). As I stated in the introduction of this presentation, we are here not for business only and only mentioning the prices of the cars in the inquiry desk only shows that our main concern is to do business. I have come up with improvement on the customer inquiry service desk where our customers will get all the information that they need not just the price (Jahanshani et al., 2014). This improvement intends to provide expert information to the customer about the suitable car according to their needs. There are customers who set foot in our show rooms with no clue about what they want, the customer inquiry service desk will step in, not to convince them but to guide them. Customer Safety Providing safety tips and other road safety requirement may not be the responsibility of a car dealer like this company, but it will put up a step ahead if we strive to improve safety for our customers (Bansal Taylor, 2015). This service is under after sale services, but it specifically deals with the safety of the customers. We intend to provide customer service through providing them with safety education and other safety tools. This will make them feel like we do care for them and they are a part of this company. The Analysis of The Customer Service A close look at the performance of the customer service of this company indicates that the company customer service is not efficient. Generally, if we compare the efforts that have been put in the customer service standards to improve the sales of the company, there are no direct results to indicate that the efforts are beneficial (Goetsch Davis, 2014). The budget for the company is lower compared to the actual expenditure of the company. The sales of the company are also lower showing that there might be a possibility of customer dissatisfaction that causes the low sales. The Importance of Meeting Customer Service The main importance of meeting the required customer service standards by any given company is to ensure that the company maintains a good relationship with its customers and paint a good picture for itself. The importance of this good image from the outside acts as a point of sale for the company to beat the competition and improve the sales. The main reason that makes it important for this company to ensure that it sells well in the market is to paint a good picture of itself to the customers through the standard methods of providing customer service and also coming up with new creative ways of improving its services that will distinguish it from other companies. Therefore, it is very important for this company to consider the implementation of this element to improve on service delivery. A good example of the three improvements that I have put forward is the issue of after sale services. These services will ensure that the needs of the customers are taken care of, and also, most i mportantly, there is more profit that should be made through providing such services. Team Budget for The Second Quarter of The Financial Year For the second quarter of the financial year, the company budgets to spend more on the improvement of some of the aspects of good customer service. Discounts and product promotion are what dominated in the budget of the first quarter of the financial year. The company spent a lot of its budget focusing on this particular aspect. As a result, the company spent a lot of money, and in return, it didnt make much profit. The budget in the second quarter will focus on other customer services for example after sales services to improve the sales and also enhance the standards of customer services. Another service that will be budgeted for is to improvement of customer care service is improvement of the safety of the customer who buys products from this company Conclusion There is a big relationship between the performance of a given company and the way that company relates to its customers (Blut et a., 2015). For this reason, putting the need of the customers should be a priority for it influences the performance as seen in the analysis of the financial budget of the 1 first quarter of the financial year. Taking a look at some of the details in the budget, we come to find out that the poor customer service result is the main reason why there are few sales from the company. In conclusion, customer service is the pillar of any company that will ensure that the company shapes itself in a different way from other companies. References Orel, F. D., Kara, A. (2014). Supermarket self-checkout service quality, customer satisfaction, and loyalty: Empirical evidence from an emerging market. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 21(2), 118-129. Bansal, H. S., Taylor, S. F. (2015). Beyond service quality and customer satisfaction: investigating additional antecedents of service provider switching intentions. In Proceedings of the 1999 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference (pp. 75-82). Springer, Cham. Witell, L., Anderson, L., Brodie, R. J., Colurcio, M., Edvardsson, B., Kristensson, P., ... Wallin Andreassen, T. (2015). Exploring dualities of service innovation: implications for service research. Journal of Services Marketing, 29(6/7), 436-441. Pan, J. N., Nguyen, H. T. N. (2015). Achieving customer satisfaction through productservice systems. European Journal of Operational Research, 247(1), 179-190. Shi, Y., Prentice, C., He, W. (2014). Linking service quality, customer satisfaction and loyalty in casinos, does membership matter?. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 40, 81-91. Jahanshani, A. A., Hajizadeh, G. M. A., Mirdhamadi, S. A., Nawaser, K., Khaksar, S. M. S. (2014). Study the effects of customer service and product quality on customer satisfaction and loyalty. Blut, M., Frennea, C. M., Mittal, V., Mothersbaugh, D. L. (2015). How procedural, financial and relational switching costs affect customer satisfaction, repurchase intentions, and repurchase behavior: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 32(2), 226-229. Goetsch, D. L., Davis, S. B. (2014). Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Sad

Friday, May 1, 2020

Bonnie and Clyde free essay sample

In December 1967 Time magazine announced a ‘renaissance’ in American film culture exemplified by Bonnie and Clyde. Critically assess the film, its impact and legacy. American film industry has been having crisis since the end of World War II. However, the most severe crisis started in the post-war years and culminated in the period of the late 60s and early 70s when the Big Hollywood Studios came to the brink of bankruptcy. In 1967, when Bonnie and Clyde was produced and released, it brought the American film industry into a new era which resulted in a Hollywood renaissance that reached its peak in the mid-seventies. As a consequence, directors were suddenly became the centre of the American filmmaking industry, and several studios, such as Warner Brothers and Columbia, ‘responded by creating low-budget production units dedicated to producing the work of exciting new talents like Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese and Peter Bogdanovich. ’ (Miller, 2005) The term ‘New Hollywood’ was introduced after the success of Bonnie and Clyde. In the meantime, Bonnie and Clyde is considered as one of the first of the ‘New Hollywood’ era. New Hollywood (or also known as Hollywood Renaissance) films like Bonnie and Clyde (1967), The Graduate (1967), and Easy Rider (1969) marked symbolised a return to a truly American Cinema. Moreover, the films’ artistic sensibilities brought them closer to their European counterparts. In effect, the period of the late 60s and early 70s signalled a rebirth of the American Film and paved the way for what is now called New Hollywood. Bonnie and Clyde is an American crime film directed by Arthur Penn and was released in 1967. The film stars Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway as the title Characters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker. The film received attacks by the critics from around the globe when it first released on cinema in August. By November Bonnie and Clyde has become the most popular film of the year. According to Cook, the film has become so popular that ‘its protagonists became cult figures. Double-breasted suits and fedora hats of the type worn by Clyde were all the rage in men’s clothing, and Bonnie’s thirties hemlines temporarily banished the miniskirt from the world of women’s fashion. You could even buy transparent decals with which to simulate bullet holes on the windshield of your car in imitation of a famous shot from the film. ’ (Cook, 1981) Bonnie and Clyde is a violent gangster film combining comedy, terror, love, and ferocious violence. The story talks about two gangsters, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow. Bonnie Parker met Clyde Barrow when Clyde was trying to steal her mother’s car. Almost immediately, Bonnie abandons her dreams of becoming a movie star and takes off on a whirlwind tour of Depression-era Texas, where they become legendary bank robbers. As their fame grows, so does their gang with the addition of gas station attendant C. W. Moss and Clyde’s brother and sister-in-law. But with their growing notoriety as modern-day Robin Hoods and murderers comes the increasing threat of a fatal run-in with the law. After a heart-breaking visit with Bonnie’s family, in which she realises that she literally can’t go home again, they are caught in a series of ever-more-deadly ambushes that decimate the Barrow Gang and threaten to end the legend of Bonnie and Clyde. This film is based on the true event and people. Bonnie and Clyde were well-known outlaws, robbers, and criminals who travelled the Central United States with their gang during the Great Depression. Bonnie and Clyde became very popular among the society is because it depicts the story of Bonnie and Clyde’s rise and self-destructive fall as anti-authoritarian criminal gangsters. ‘Their targets are not the common people but the avaricious banks and the armies of police that protect types of the anti-establishment heroes who have become to dominate so many American films since, and they resonated perfectly with the revolutionary tenor of the late sixties. (Cook, 1981) The film, with many opposing moods and shifts in tone, is a cross between gangster film, tragic-romantic traditions, a road film and buddy film, and comedy. Furthermore, it ‘exemplified many of the characteristics of experimental film-making from the French New Wave movement. ’ (Dirks, 2003) In the meantime, the advertising poster proclaimed Bon nie and Clyde as â€Å"They’re young†¦they’re in love†¦and they kill people. † The film also depicts this two outlaw couples not just being killed at the end, but they were destroyed, because Bonnie and Clyde were shot tragically. Even today the sequence has an almost unbearable intensity because our dramatic identification with the characters is so complete. ’ (Cook, 1981) In the late 1960s, the film’s sympathetic, revolutionary characters and its social criticism appealed to anti-authority American youth who were part of the counter-cultural movement protesting the Vietnam War, the corrupt social order, and the U. S. government’s role. The outlaw couple’s robberies of banks, was viewed somewhat sympathetically by the rural dispossessed, during the time when the institutions were ‘robbing’ and ruining indebted. The robberies of the glamorous, thrill-seeking young couple – mostly innocent and minor at the beginning of their crime spree, unfortunately escalate into more violent and murderous escapades. ’ (Dirks, 2003) Pauline Kael, an American film critic, also appreciated the film and applauded the violence as central to its meaning. She says in her review: â€Å"It is a kind of violence that says something to us; it is something that artists must be free to use Will we, as some people have suggested, be lured into imitating the violent crimes of Clyde and Bonnie because Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway are ‘glamorous’? It’s difficult to see how, since the characters they play are horrified by it and ultimately destroyed by it†¦Bonnie and Clyde needs violence, violence is its meaning. † (Harris, 2008) The impact of violence in the movie was confirmed by the ensuing successes of Badlands (1973). Badlands is also a movie about an outlaw couple which based on the Starkweather-Fugate killing spree of the 1958, starring a fifteen-year-old girl and her twenty-five-year-old boyfriend slaughtered her entire family and several others in the Dakota badlands. Easy Rider (1969) is also one of Bonnie and Clyde legacy. It talks about two countercultural bikers who travel from Los Angeles to New Orleans in search of America. The Wild Bunch (1969) adapted the violence in Bonnie and Clyde, depicted by an aging group of outlaws who look for one last big score as the ‘traditional’ American West is disappearing around them. Other than that, Thelma amp; Louise (1991) transformed ‘outlaw couple’ into two feminine, also known as Thelma and Louise. They both had a life and one day they decided to break out of their normal life and jump in the car and hit the road. Louise killed a man who threatens to rape Thelma during the journey, and soon they were hunted by the American police while they try to escape to Mexico. Without a doubt, Bonnie and Clyde is a great and important film after almost fifty years of release. It has been called ‘the first American film’ and ‘its influences can easily be traced into the future works of acclaimed directors like Terrence Malik, Martin Scorsese, Sam Peckinpah, and Quentin Tarantino. ’ (Koban, 2004) The film was able to make critics think twice, spark fashion trends, and start a new revolution within Hollywood. Along with many other anti-establishment movements, Bonnie and Clyde began an anti-establishment movement within the film industry. ‘The younger generation related to the deeper meaning of Bonnie and Clyde while the older generation rejected yet another attack on their traditional values and ideals. ’ (Emma, 2005) References Cook, D. A. , 1981. A history of narrative film. Norton, New York. Dirks, T. , 2003. Bonnie and Clyde (1967). URL http://www. filmsite. org/bonn. html (accessed 12. 4. 12). Emma, 2005. Bonnie and Clyde Paper | Emma’s History Portfolio. URL http://299history. umwblogs. org/history-portfolio/history-299/bonnie-and-clyde-paper/ (accessed 12. 5. 12). Harris, M. , 2008. Pictures at a revolution? : five movies and the birth of the new Hollywood. Penguin Press, New York. Koban, C. J. , 2004. BONNIE AND CLYDE. URL http://www. craigerscinemacorner. com/Reviews/bonnie_and_clyde. htm (accessed 12. 6. 12). Miller, F. , 2005. The Essentials Bonnie and Clyde Turner Classic Movies. URL http://www. tcm. com/this-month/article/24133|24134/The-Essentials-Bonnie-and-Clyde. html (accessed 12. 5. 12).